The Mata Amritanandamayi Math is a network of centers around the world devoted to the teachings of Mataji (b. 1951) which emerged in India in the 1960’s. In the Temples devotees practice a form of Bhakti Yoga by singing Mataji’s bhajans/songs. Devotion to a wide variety of deity figures including, Jesus, Buddha, the Virgin Mary and so on is allowed and even encouraged, as Mataji believes that all religions are spiritual paths that lead to the same One God.


Meher Baba (1894-1969) was an Indian spiritual teacher who synthesized various strains of religions and spiritual wisdom.

The Osho Commune International was founded by Osho formerly known as Bhagavan Shree Rajneesh (1931-1990) who was a controversial spiritual teacher from India. His synthesis of spirituality with personal growth psychology attracted significant numbers of westerners.


The Ramakrishna Mission was founded by the Bengali saint Vivekananda Swami (1863-1902) in the name of his guru, Ramakrishna (1836-1886). Vivekananda Swami was expert in presenting Advaita Vedanta from Shankara and greatly impressed the Western World in his presentation to the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893. It is headed by a well-disciplined and organized body of sannyasis (renunciates). It is well known for its social and educational programs.

Ramana Maharshi (1879-1950) was a widely recognized Hindu mystic who attracted many followers from both East and West. He was an extraordinary personality and his ashram became renowned for giving all its inhabitants a deep sense of peace and tranquility. Ramana Maharshi is credited with establishing the relevance of the Advaita philosophy to the modern world.

Sahaja Yoga was founded by Sri Mataji Nirmala (b. 1923). Its practices combine principles of Tantrism with rituals and symbols from other traditions especially from South Asia.

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