Sai Organization was founded by the contemporary Indian guru Bhagavan Shri Sathya Sai Baba born in 1926 in Andhra Pradesh. He claims to be the reincarnation of the miracle-working Maharastrian saint Sai Baba of Shirdi (1856-1918). The movement follows the style of Hindu Bhakti but emphasizes the individual’s commintment to Sai Baba himself as personification of divinity. Love of God is emphasized over scriptural learning or renunciation. Selfless love and charitable service are promoted rather than withdrawal from the world. The teachings are ecumenical and stress a single godhead as the essence of all religious traditions.
Siddha Yoga was founded by Swami Muktananda (1908-1982) in 1961. the movement quotes and comments on ritual and philosophical texts of the Veda, Vedanta, Saiva Agama and Tantra and have given special prominence to texts of Kashmiri Shaivism. Siddha Yoga seems to have an open or an emerging cannon of scripture that is determined by the guru’s assessment of what the devotees need.
Sri Aurobindo Ashrama was founded by Aurobindo Ghose (1871-1950) during his self-imposed exile in the French colony of Pondicherry. There he devouted his life to yoga and writing on spiritual matters. His ashram attracted many people from India and abroad. He attempted to formulate an integral yoga which synthesized Hindu Spirituality with modern ideas and an active role within the world. His disciples planned to develop Auroville as a model city fro the modern world. Their work continues today.
The Swami Narayan tradition was founded by Sahajananda Swami (1781-1830) considered by his followers as an incarnation of God. The group claims heritage from the Sri Sampradaya of Ramanuja one of the main Vaishnava traditions and its followers are mostly from Gujarat. There are now various Swami Narayana sampradayas reflecting different views on the identity of the guru and the genuine line of succession. The largest is the Swami Narayana Mission, whose current leader is Pramukh Swami.
Transcendental Meditation was founded by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. It is a form of japa yoga, a form of meditation used in both Hindu and Sikh traditions.